Have you ever wondered how to write an introduction for the writing task 1 graphs?
We’re going to focus on how to write an introduction a line graph, but the same technique can be used for:
- line graphs
- bar charts
- pie charts
Let’s first look at the following question and the graph:
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The line graph below shows changes in the amount and type of fast food consumed by Australian teenagers from 1975 to 2000.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
You need 3 paragraphs in your writing task 1. In the first paragraph, you have to do 2 things:
- Introduce the graph
- Give an overview
1) Introduce the Graph
You need to begin with one or two sentences that state what the IELTS writing task 1 shows. To do this, paraphrase the title of the graph, making sure you put in a time frame if there is one.
Here is an example for the above line graph:
The line graph compares the fast food consumption of adolescents in Australia between 1975 and 2000, a period of 25 years.
You can see this says the same thing as the title, but in a different way. You can do this by changing the vocabulary, or modifying the grammar.
- You can change the form of a word from noun to verb or vice versa (consumed > consumption)
- You can change the words: “shows changes, fast food, teenagers” to “compares, junk food and adolescents“.
- You can add extra information like “a period of 25 years“.
2) Give an Overview
You also need to state what the main trend or trends in the graph are. Don’t give detail such as data here – you are just looking for something that describes what is happening overall.
One thing that stands out in this graph is that one type of fast food fell over the period, whilst the other two increased, so this would be a good overview.
Here is an example:
Overall, the consumption of fish and chips declined over the period, whereas the amount of pizza and hamburgers that were eaten increased.
This covers the main changes that took place over the whole period.
You may sometimes see this overview as a conclusion. It does not matter if you put it in the conclusion or the introduction when you do an IELTS writing task 1, but you should provide an overview in one of these places.